Wild hogs are a type of pig. They originated in Europe and were brought to various places like North America during the 1500s. Unlike the usual pigs we raise to eat, these hogs do not come with smoother skins and curly tails. Wild hogs have stiff black fur on their bodies and straight tails. Wild hog males have 2.5 inch tusks which stick out of the sides of their mouths. The females on the other hand have less visible and shorter tusks. These are used for defensive purposes. Wild hogs are known to be good runners and swimmers, unlike their domesticated cousins.
Wild hogs commonly produce one litter a year, which can look for its own food at the age of 45 days old.
As hogs living in the wild, they have their own preference of habitat as well. They are most commonly found in forests. Specifically near water holes, streams and ponds. The absence of sweat glands from their anatomy make them wallow in mud for cooling purposes. This wallowing practice also gets rid of fleas and other parasites which may bring them discomfort. They mainly feed on roots, grass, bugs, eggs and even dead animals. They dig up root systems quite successfully with their task oriented physique. The amazing sense of smell these hogs possess make the formidable diggers, capable of sniffing out food despite the considerable depth it may be buried in. Despite their meager sense of sight, Mother Nature has gifted wild hogs with a spectacular range of hearing. This manifests through their straight standing ears. It helps the hogs escape potential danger which can be brought about by predators like big cats and others.
The reputation of the wild hog with humans isn’t that good either. They are actually called exotic pests by farmers and even hunters. These pigs have the tendency to dig up farm grounds in search for food. Wild hogs are guilty of perusing potato, watermelon and squash farms just to unearth the fruit and eat it for themselves.
The wallowing movements wild hogs exercise on ponds also kill water plants which inevitably lead to the erosion of soil. Their diet is another issue. Since they eat loads of acorn, walnut and pecan, they tend to leave nothing for more high valued animals like deer and turkeys. They also tend to eat endangered species eggs such as those of some small animals and even baby sea turtles.
However, the exotic taste of the wild hog has also made them well sought after in the market. The meat of the wild hog can now be cooked into different sumptuous recipes. The exotic taste wild hogs produce make them a staple in many restaurants in France, Spain and even North America. Aside from wild hogs being used as food, wild hogs are also used for hunting. This helps people enjoy a virile task of catching elusive hogs and roasting them for a victorious hunting trip. It also helps farmers rid adjacent areas of these pests and therefore protect their livelihood. The better living situations of deer and wild turkey are also implications of hog hunting practices.