In this arcticle we will try to asnwer the question why do people hunt wild hogs?
Human beings are practicing wildlife or feral animals hunting for ages for recreation, enjoyment, to meet the demand of food production, to manage the increasing population of animals or to prevent any damage by wildlife animals.
Wild hogs are also being hunted for the same purposes, now we will thoroughly discuss all the main reasons for which wild hogs are being hunted for ages.
Extensive damage to agricultural lands:
Wild hogs are omnivores, it means they can eat both animal and plant species. They are a potential threat to agricultural lands because once they are in the field they can crush and trample the soil leading to reduced growth of trees and crops and hence giving rise to the economic crisis. They can destroy the crops of wheat, rice, oats, pines, sugarcane, and many more. Grasses and farm property have been affected badly by the wild hogs causing damage to the fertility of land leading to stunted growth of crops and trees.
Transmission of diseases to livestock:
Wild hogs are carriers of many diseases like tuberculosis, hepatitis A, influenza. Once they come in contact with the livestock they can transmit those life-threatening diseases to livestock and eventually causing their death. Food production and economy of a country depend upon livestock production and when livestock animals are affected by wild hogs it will directly have a drastic effect on the economy.
Transmission of diseases to people:
Wild hogs roughly carry at least 30 diseases and many parasites and can easily pass those diseases when they come in contact with humans. Eating raw undercooked meat of wild hogs can cause trichinosis (a food borne-illness affecting the upper gastrointestinal tract). So wild hogs pose a serious threat to human beings as a carrier of many diseases.
Destruction of natural resources:
All those areas of land which are trampled or destroyed by wild hogs become eroded and now fertile leading to reduced growth of crops and increased production of invasive and non-beneficial plants. They consume seeds and small plants causing reduced production of forest and are detrimental to natural resources.
Increased competition of food:
The increased population of wild hogs in the forest leads to an increase in competition of food and water supplies because all the native species including goats, deer, rabbits, etc eat the same kind of food like grass, seeds, leaves small insects which are also eaten by wild hogs leading to an increased competition of food and water supplies between them which can predispose serious damage to the life of native forest species.
The threat to endangered species:
Wild hogs consume eggs of birds and reptiles in forests and jungle; they also destroy the nests of many endangered birds. Consumption of the eggs puts a full stop on the production of species which is a damaging situation for the ecosystem.
The threat to aquatic species:
As you know aquatic species are dependent on clean and freshwater for their survival, when water becomes dirty or contaminated by any kind of reason, it leads to decrease production of fishes, muscles, snails, and all sea animals. Wild hogs contaminate the coastal waters, rivers, and streams and can transmit different diseases to aquatic animals causing a disturbed ecosystem.
Risk of collision with drivers:
The massively increased population of wild hogs can increase the risk of their collision with car or motorbike drivers leading to fatal injuries. Many incidents have been reported in which strayed wild hogs came in way of cars and bikes resulting in accidents and injuries. Therefore it is necessary to hunt wild hogs and manage their population.
Substantial damage to historic places:
Wild hogs can damage the land of sacred and cultural places, crushing the grass, trampling soil, eating rare plants, eroding the upper layer of soil causing substantial damage to cultural and historic places.
Wild hogs prey on livestock:
Livestock becomes easy prey for the wild hogs when they are not protected by using a fence or hunting dogs, they are omnivores and can eat both plant and animal species that’s why deer goats, rabbits, and other livestock is easy prey for wild hogs, that’s why they are being hunted to keep the livestock safe.
To manage their population:
Wild boar population is increasing exponentially with time and causing immense problems for not only humans but livestock, animals, aquatic species as well, therefore it has become necessarily important to control their population effectively.
How we can manage the population of wild hogs?
There are many ways used nowadays to control the population of wild hogs and preventing agricultural and other damages produced by them. Two of them are nonlethal and lethal methods.
Non-lethal methods include the use of installing the fence around the area of livestock or crops so they may not enter and trample the soil, besides livestock animals can also be protected by using vaccines so they don’t suffer from life-threatening conditions.
Lethal methods include shooting wild hogs, trapping, and hunting, now we will discuss all these methods one by one.
Shooting can be a great method to control the population of wild hogs but it requires experience, time and an immense effort if you have not done shooting before then the chances are high you will not be able to shoot a wild boar properly or may not succeed at all. Besides experience you must have time and patience to chase a wild boar and shoot it, therefore it’s a time requiring method.
Traps are present in various sizes and shapes which may include box traps, corral traps, and cage traps. Trapping methods require less effort and time and experience as compare to shooting therefore trapping techniques are in continuous use nowadays to manage the population of wild hogs.
Use of snares:
Snares are also used to capture wild hogs but the use of snare has a drawback, it may capture non-targeted animals like goats, deer, rabbits, donkeys, etc there is not recommended to use snares.
To obtain meat:
The meat of wild hogs is being eaten in many areas of the world; there are different opinions about the taste of meat. Some people like the aroma and strong taste while some dislike the meat because of its savory and strong flavor well everyone has their own choice but wild hogs are largely hunted because of meat purpose, to make sausages and stakes.
Myths about hunting and eating of wild hogs
Wild hogs cannot see:
One of the funniest myth about wild hogs is that they cannot see, while it is true up to an extent that their peripheral vision is low and they have reduced ability to see the thing in sideways but it’s not true that they can’t see but they have limited vision.
Heavy caliber gun is needed for hunting:
It’s another myth that you must have a heavy caliber gun to hunt a wild boar which is usually not true, any deer rifle can be a good choice for hunting, this misconception is because some hunters think, wild hogs have a thick and strong musculature and they are going to need a heavy caliber gun.
No blood means no-kill:
Many people think that if you have not seen blood trail or blood oozing out from wild boar after a gunshot then it is not killed rather alive but it is not true sometimes blood gets absorbed in thick hair of animal leaving the site of hunting blood-free.
Old hogs have inedible meat:
Although young wild hogs have more delicious meat than old ones it’s not true that meat of big or old hogs is inedible. Most of the smell comes from sex organs containing a large amount of testosterone, once you have removed sex organs, you can eat the meat.
As we have discussed people hunt wild hogs for many reasons for ages. No one wants their farms to be trampled or crushed by these hogs; they can destroy the natural habitat as well as the upper layer of the soil leaving it to be eroded. An eroded layer of soil becomes non-fertile and stunts the growth of other trees, they can also eat the rare plants and trees which are hard to find these days leading to endangerment of plant species, other than this hogs are the carrier of many diseases and have the ability to transmit them to people and animals as well besides all this they can contaminate the water predisposing a great threat to aquatic species. An increase in the population of wild hogs is directly proportional to an increase in the competition of food and water resources between hogs and other native species. Other than all these factors responsible for the hunting of hogs one of the major factors in obtaining meat from them. Pig’s meat is being eaten in many areas of the world to make steaks, sausages, and other delicious food items, therefore wild hogs are being hunted largely in many areas of world.
Article about where you can hunt wild hogs you can find here: Where can I hunt wild hogs? – Hogs hunting