Wild hogs possess unique canine teeth, which are also called “tusks.” Wild hog tusks have always been the topic of discussion from hunting as well as a public point of view. These canine teeth, which are usually present in all mammals, have two sets, one is temporary, and the other is permanent. Permanent tusks in hogs are a unique feature of wild hogs that differentiate them form commercially raised or domestic pig. These tusks make them dangerous, not for other wild animals but human beings as well. Many incidents are reported in pasts where wild hogs had attacked with their tusks, leaving severe injuries besides
Upper and lower tusks:
Lower tusks of wild hogs are sharp, and they can tear anything in front of them; therefore, we call them “cutters.” Whenever they intend to feed on prey, lower tusks are used because of their sharpness. Upper tusks are not sharp as lower tusks, and these blunt tusks help to sharpen the lower tusk; therefore, it is called “Whetters,” both kinds of teeth complement each other by enhancing the function of their counterpart.
Both male and female hogs have short tusks or canine teeth at the time of birth. Deciduous (or temporary teeth) are replaced by permanent tusks, which appear at the age of 7 to 13 months, most of the animals possess two sets of permanent tusks at the same time. These permanent tusks can grow at a faster rate, which makes them curved and projected out from their sockets, while lower tusks in both males and females usually proceed in the forward and slightly in the lateral direction.
Difference between male and female tusks:
Wild hogs and sows differ physically from each other, according to the position of canines. In hogs the canines before curving upward elongate in the forward and lateral direction. Female sown canines never project in an upward trend; they usually extend in the downward and lateral direction, while lower tusks in both the genders are longer compared to upper tusks.
Permanent tusks of hogs are giant as compared to sows. There is also a difference in shapes between both genders. In male hogs, canines are projected upward, making them suitable for breeding opportunities with females. We can also determine the sex of hogs with the help of their distinguishing physical feature.
Uses of wild hog tusks:
Wild hogs use their tusks for the defense purpose to fight against other animals or hunters, which encounters them for hunting. Whenever they find other animals attacking their piglets, hogs become charged, and their aggressive mode makes them use their tusks to attack other parties to protect themselves or piglets. Wild hogs are usually not aggressive, but when they are cornered, they can be dangerous, foxes, hawks, and wolves often prey on piglets; therefore, hogs use their tusks to attack them and to defend their piglets. Due to the differences in the structure of tusks, the stabbing technique is used by wild hogs to attack the enemy while sows use their teeth for biting other animals or hunters which try to hunt them. Wild hogs are killed for various reasons; they can transmit diseases to other animals and livestock; besides, this can cause extensive damage to agricultural land and natural resources and manage their exponentially increasing population. Sometimes, hunters hunt for recreational purposes; whatever the reason is, they know well how to defend themselves from hunters and other animals by using their tusks. Thus hog tusks act as weapons for them.
To cut down trees:
Wild hogs are omnivores, which mean they can eat both meat and vegetables. They can eat a variety of food, including berries, grass, nuts, small insects, and leaves. Therefore wild hogs use their tusks for cutting down big chunks of leaves or trees to satisfy their hunger.
To cut their prey:
Wild hogs sometimes use tusks for attack purposes; tusks have pointed and sharp end, which can induce severe damage to other animals, making them fall on the ground. Therefore teeth can be used as a weapon to feed on the prey.
Digging up soil:
Wild hogs are famous for digging up the dirt for finding food items that are under the ground; therefore, they are notorious for trampling the land and destroying the upper layers of soil. Usually, they use their tusks to quickly dig up the earth to find nuts, berries, leaves, and small insects. Those are hidden under the ground, satisfying their hunger is the primary concern for hogs; that’s why they can trample farms, crops, and agricultural lands
Use of tusks by man:
Human beings have been using tusks for different purposes for ages. Tusks are made up of Ivory, which is a hard, white dentine material found in almost all mammalian teeth. Elephant tusks are craved in different shapes to make jewellery, piano keys, and various products for human enjoyment. In the same manner, hog tusks are used by people to crave them in different shapes and make beautiful products.
Jewellery is the most favourite item all women love to wear. They are always searching for new styles and antique products to look beautiful and stand out differently in public; therefore, wild hog tusks are craved in different designs and shapes and moulded into beautiful necklaces that are traded out in different countries of the world.
Bracelets made from hog tusks are also very famous among women who are always in search of old and antique items. Different online stores sell garlands, jewellery, bracelets, necklaces, and various ancient items made from hog tusks.
As a trophy by hunters:
Wild hog hunting is a very famous game hunting practiced in different states of the world. Some states have strict rules and regulations regarding hunting like they demand a gaming or hunting license from you to permit hog hunting privately or publically. In contrast, in some states, you can hunt hogs without a proper permit. Hunters keep wild hog tusks with them as a winning trophy so they can rewind the good memory whenever they want just by seeing those tusks in their homes.
How to remove tusks of wild hog?
Wild hog tusks can induce severe damage to livestock such as cattle, sheep and horses, which can make farmers suffer from economic crises raised due to less milk and poultry production. Hence, sometimes it becomes necessarily essential to remove the tusks of hogs so they cannot attack other animals. Still, the tusks should be discarded properly with utmost care because tusks removed irresponsibly can damage the jaws and nose. Now we will discuss how to remove them with care.
The bottom jaw has two tusks that are required to be removed because hogs use them to attack and fight other animals. Upper tusks are blunt, which perform the function to sharpen the lower tusks. “Saw off” technique is the most preferred one because it doesn’t cause inflammation of the gums. It would be best if you had the following equipment for tusk removal:
- Hog snare
- Protectors of ears
- Wire clamps
- Cattle de-horning wire clamp
This is not a single person’s work so two persons are required. It would be best if you had 18-20 inches long de-horning wire which should be cut primarily. The snare is used to catch the hog. Snare wire must be rear to the top tusks otherwise it will be difficult for you to restrain the hog. The Head of the wild hog is kept in a comfortable position and as high as possible. Place the loop of wire over the lower tusk; this wire must be secured with clamps. Sawing off the tusk must be done above the gum line. You have to be careful about sliding off the fence by holding the handles down, now raise the handles up so the tusks can be cut down just above the gum line, the complete procedure usually takes 15-20 seconds. The surface of the removed tusk must be smooth; this can be ensured by placing your finger over the tusk left after removal. The wild hog must be released after the process.
Wild hogs and sows possess a distinct feature called tusk; lower tusks are called cutters while upper tusks are called whetters. Lower tusks are very sharp, and they use them for different purposes like cutting their prey and leaves, for fighting with other animals which attack them. They defend their piglets from animals and hunters, for digging up the soil to find hidden food items which can be used to satisfy their hunger. The ivory trade is very popular. Ivory is a hard, dentine material found in tusks, tusks can be craved and are moulded in different shapes to form bracelets, earrings, rings, and necklaces and are sold worldwide at a very high price. If you have an antique taste regarding your jewellery, you must consider ornaments made from wild hog tusks you just have to find best online stores which sell tusks.